Karnataka Cooperative Milk Producers' Federation Limited (KMF) is the Apex Body in Karnataka representing Dairy Farmers' Co-operatives. It is the second largest dairy co-operative amongst the dairy cooperatives in the country. In South India it stands first in terms of procurement as well as sales. One of the core functions of the Federation is marketing of Milk and Milk Products. The Brand "nandini" is the household name for Pure and Fresh milk and milk products.
KMF has 13 Milk Unions throughout the State which procure milk from Primary Dairy Cooperative Societies(DCS) and distribute milk to the consumers in various Towns/Cities/Rural markets in Karnataka.
The first ever World Bank funded Dairy Development Program in the country started in Karnataka with the organisation of Village Level Dairy Co-operatives in 1974. The AMUL pattern of dairy co-operatives started functioning in Karnataka from 1974-75 with the financial assistance from World Bank, Operation Flood II & III. The dairy co-operatives were established under the ANAND pattern in a three tier structure with the Village Level Dairy Co-operatives forming the base level, the District Level Milk Unions at the middle level to take care of the procurement, processing and marketing of milk and the Karnataka Milk Federation as the Apex Body to co-ordinate the growth of the sector at the State level.
Coordination of activities among the Unions and developing market for Milk and Milk products is the responsibility of KMF. Marketing Milk in the respective jurisdiction is organized by the respective Milk Unions. Surplus/deficit of liquid milk among the member Milk Unions is monitored by the Federation. While the marketing of all the Milk Products is organized by KMF, both within and outside the State, all the Milk and Milk products are sold under a common brand name NANDINI.
THE GROWTH PROCESS
The growth over the years and activities undertaken by KMF is summarised briefly hereunder:
| KEY ITEMS
||1976-77||2011-2012(Up to Mar'12)||2012-13(Upto FEB'13)|
|Dairy Co-operatives||Nos||416||13006 REGED / 11568 Funct||13553 REGED /12036 Funct|
|Membership||Nos||37000||21.51 Lacs||22.16 Lacs|
|Avg. Milk Procurement||Kgs/day||50000||
Peak Proc.46.49(Nov'11) LKPD
|Milk Sales||Lts/day||95050||28.90 LLPD / Curd:2.74 LKPD / Good life 2.19 LLPD||29.94 LLPD / Curd:3.01 LKPD / Good life 2.33 LLPD|
|Cattle Feed Consumed||Kgs/DCS||220||2958||2608|
|Daily Payment to Farmers||Rs.Lakhs||0.90||785||968|
World Bank Study - Observations
The World Bank, in its study on the effect of Co-operative dairying in Karnataka, has pointed out that :
The villages with Dairy Co-operative Societies are much better off than those without.
The families with dairy cattle are economically better than those without dairy cattle.
Women who had no control on the household income have better control in terms of Milk Money.
A single commodity �MILK� has acted as a catalyst in the change in the Socio-Economic impact of the rural economy.
There is a positive impact on those at the lower end of the economic ladder both in terms of landholding and caste.
PERSPECTIVE PLAN 2010
After the closure of OF-III project. Government of Karnataka and NDDB signed an MOU during February 2000, for further strengthening the Dairy Development Activities in Karnataka with an outlay of Rs.250 Crores. Consequent to the announcement of new lending terms and conditions by NDDB through an evolution of an action plan - Perspective 2010 to enable the dairy cooperatives to face the challenges of the increased demand for milk and milk products by focusing efforts in the four major thrust areas of Strengthening the Cooperatives. Enhancing Productivity, Managing Quality and building a National Information Network, plans are under implementation.
To consolidate the gains of Dairying achieved in the state of Karnataka and with a view to efficiently chill, process and market ever developing and increasing milk procurement with an utmost emphasis on the Quality and in the process conserve the socio-economic interests of rural milk producers, the Govt. of Karnataka through KMF has proposed to undertake several projects with financial and technical support of NDDB for which an MOU was signed between Govt. of Karnataka and NDDB on 10th Nov. 2004.
|I||Projects undertaken by KMF / Union budget:||Value|
|1.1||UHT Plant godown at Channarayapatna plant||140 lakh|
|1.2||Dharwad CFP expansion from 150 to 200 MTPD||75 lakh|
|1.3||CFP Raw material godown of capacity 5000 MT at Dharwad||425 lakh|
|1.4||CFP Raw material godown of capacity 2000 MT at Gubbi||230 lakh|
|1.5||Ice cream plant at Bellary – 10000 Ltr per day capacity||1000 lakh|
|1.6||Nandini Milk product plant expansion – civil construction||175 lakh|
|1.7||Pouch film plant admin and canteen building construction||33 lakh|
|1.8||UHT Plant establishment at Kumbalgodu for Mandya milk union||310 lakh|
|II||Projects undertaken by KMF Under GOK/GOI Grant
|3.1||Fodder densification Plant Civil building at Chamarajnagar||102 lakh|
|3.2||Fodder densification Plant at Haveri (12 MTPD)||103 lakh|
|3.3||CFP Establishment at Shikaripura – 300 MTPD (GOK grant)||4500 lakh|
|III||Projects undertaken by NDDB Under PERSPECTIVE PLAN|
|4.1||CFP Hassan 300 MTPD||4000 lakh|
|4.2||Mysore Dairy Expansion – 150 to 300 TLPD capacity||927 lakh|
|4.3||Hassan Dairy Expansion - 120 to 300 TLPD||1739 lakh|
|4.4||Cattle Feed Plant – 300 MTPD at Hassan||1800 lakh|
|4.5||Tumkur Dairy Expansion – 100 to 325 TLPD||3635 lakh|
|4.6||Hoskote Dairy for Bangalore Milk Union– 200 TLPD||2032 lakh|
|4.7||Mandya Dairy Expansion – 250 to 400 TLPD||1535 lakh|
Other GOK Financial Support:
1. To support Milk Producers of DCS members GOK is providing an amount of Rs.2.00 per litre as incentive to the milk producer from 2008-09 onwards.
2. GOK is providing financial assistance for strengthening Dairy Development infrastructure facilities at Northern Karnataka milk unions jurisdiction which will also redress regional imbalance as per Dr. Nanjundappa's report.
UNITS OF KMF
KMF has the following Units functioning directly under its control:
- Mother Dairy, Yelahanka,Bangalore.
- Nandini Hi-Tech Product Plant, Channarayapatna.
- Nandini Milk Products, KMF Complex, Bangalore.
- Cattle Feed Plants at Rajanukunte/Gubbi/Dharwad/Hassan.
- Nandini Sperm Station (formerly known as Bull Breeding Farm & Frozen Semen Bank) at Hessaraghatta.
- Nandini Packaging Film Plant at Munnekolalu, Marathhalli.
- Central Training Institute,Bangalore & Traning Institutes at Mysore/Dharwad.
- Gulbarga Dairy, Gulbarga.